TELNET

Section: User Commands (1)
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BSD mandoc
BSD 4.2  

NAME

telnet - User interface to the TELNET protocol  

SYNOPSIS

telnet [-d ] [-a ] [-n tracefile ] [-e escapechar ] [[-l user ] host [port] ]  

DESCRIPTION

The telnet command is used to communicate with another host using the TELNET protocol. If telnet is invoked without the host argument, it enters command mode, indicated by its prompt (telnet> ) In this mode, it accepts and executes the commands listed below. If it is invoked with arguments, it performs an open command with those arguments.

Options:

-d
Sets the initial value of the debug toggle to TRUE
-a
Attempt automatic login. Currently, this sends the user name via the USER variable of the ENVIRON option if supported by the remote system. The name used is that of the current user as returned by getlogin(2) if it agrees with the current user ID, otherwise it is the name associated with the user ID.
-n tracefile
Opens tracefile for recording trace information. See the set tracefile command below.
-l user
When connecting to the remote system, if the remote system understands the ENVIRON option, then user will be sent to the remote system as the value for the variable USER. This option implies the -a option. This option may also be used with the open command.
-e escape char
Sets the initial telnet telnet escape character to escape char. If escape char is ommitted, then there will be no escape character.
host
Indicates the official name, an alias, or the Internet address of a remote host.
port
Indicates a port number (address of an application). If a number is not specified, the default telnet port is used.

Once a connection has been opened, telnet will attempt to enable the TELNET LINEMODE option. If this fails, then telnet will revert to one of two input modes: either character at a time or old line by line depending on what the remote system supports.

When LINEMODE is enabled, character processing is done on the local system, under the control of the remote system. When input editing or character echoing is to be disabled, the remote system will relay that information. The remote system will also relay changes to any special characters that happen on the remote system, so that they can take effect on the local system.

In character at a time mode, most text typed is immediately sent to the remote host for processing.

In old line by line mode, all text is echoed locally, and (normally) only completed lines are sent to the remote host. The local echo character (initially ^E) may be used to turn off and on the local echo (this would mostly be used to enter passwords without the password being echoed).

If the LINEMODE option is enabled, or if the localchars toggle is TRUE (the default for old line by line; see below), the user's quit intr and flush characters are trapped locally, and sent as TELNET protocol sequences to the remote side. If LINEMODE has ever been enabled, then the user's susp and eof are also sent as TELNET protocol sequences, and quit is sent as a TELNET ABORT instead of BREAK There are options (see toggle autoflush and toggle autosynch below) which cause this action to flush subsequent output to the terminal (until the remote host acknowledges the TELNET sequence) and flush previous terminal input (in the case of quit and intr )

While connected to a remote host, telnet command mode may be entered by typing the telnet escape character (initially ^]). When in command mode, the normal terminal editing conventions are available.

The following telnet commands are available. Only enough of each command to uniquely identify it need be typed (this is also true for arguments to the mode set toggle unset slc environ and display commands).

close
Close a TELNET session and return to command mode.
display argument ...
Displays all, or some, of the set and toggle values (see below).
mode type
Type is one of several options, depending on the state of the TELNET session. The remote host is asked for permission to go into the requested mode. If the remote host is capable of entering that mode, the requested mode will be entered.

character
Disable the TELNET LINEMODE option, or, if the remote side does not understand the LINEMODE option, then enter character at a time mode.
line
Enable the TELNET LINEMODE option, or, if the remote side does not understand the LINEMODE option, then attempt to enter old-line-by-line mode.
isig (-isig )
Attempt to enable (disable) the TRAPSIG mode of the LINEMODE option. This requires that the LINEMODE option be enabled.
edit (-edit )
Attempt to enable (disable) the EDIT mode of the LINEMODE option. This requires that the LINEMODE option be enabled.
softtabs (-softtabs )
Attempt to enable (disable) the SOFT_TAB mode of the LINEMODE option. This requires that the LINEMODE option be enabled.
litecho (-litecho )
Attempt to enable (disable) the LIT_ECHO mode of the LINEMODE option. This requires that the LINEMODE option be enabled.
?
Prints out help information for the mode command.

open host
[[-l ] user [- ] port ] Open a connection to the named host. If no port number is specified, telnet will attempt to contact a TELNET server at the default port. The host specification may be either a host name (see hosts(5)) or an Internet address specified in the dot notation (see inet(3)). The [-l ] option may be used to specify the user name to be passed to the remote system via the ENVIRON option. When connecting to a non-standard port, telnet omits any automatic initiation of TELNET options. When the port number is preceeded by a minus sign, the inital option negotiation is done. After establishing a connection, the file .telnetrc in the users home directory is opened. Lines begining with a # are comment lines. Blank lines are ignored. Lines that begin without whitespace are the start of a machine entry. The first thing on the line is the name of the machine that is being connected to. The rest of the line, and successive lines that begin with whitespace are assumed to be telnet commands and are processed as if they had been typed in manually to the telnet command prompt.
quit
Close any open TELNET session and exit telnet An end of file (in command mode) will also close a session and exit.
send arguments
Sends one or more special character sequences to the remote host. The following are the arguments which may be specified (more than one argument may be specified at a time):

abort
Sends the TELNET ABORT (Abort processes) sequence.
ao
Sends the TELNET AO (Abort Output) sequence, which should cause the remote system to flush all output from the remote system to the user's terminal.
ayt
Sends the TELNET AYT (Are You There) sequence, to which the remote system may or may not choose to respond.
brk
Sends the TELNET BRK (Break) sequence, which may have significance to the remote system.
ec
Sends the TELNET EC (Erase Character) sequence, which should cause the remote system to erase the last character entered.
el
Sends the TELNET EL (Erase Line) sequence, which should cause the remote system to erase the line currently being entered.
eof
Sends the TELNET EOF (End Of File) sequence.
eor
Sends the TELNET EOR (End of Record) sequence.
escape
Sends the current telnet escape character (initially ^).
ga
Sends the TELNET GA (Go Ahead) sequence, which likely has no significance to the remote system.
getstatus
If the remote side supports the TELNET STATUS command, getstatus will send the subnegotiation to request that the server send its current option status.
ip
Sends the TELNET IP (Interrupt Process) sequence, which should cause the remote system to abort the currently running process.
nop
Sends the TELNET NOP (No OPeration) sequence.
susp
Sends the TELNET SUSP (SUSPend process) sequence.
synch
Sends the TELNET SYNCH sequence. This sequence causes the remote system to discard all previously typed (but not yet read) input. This sequence is sent as TCP urgent data (and may not work if the remote system is a BSD 4.2 system -- if it doesn't work, a lower case r may be echoed on the terminal).
?
Prints out help information for the send command.

set argument value
unset argument value
The set command will set any one of a number of telnet variables to a specific value or to TRUE The special value off turns off the function associated with the variable, this is equivalent to using the unset command. The unset command will disable or set to FALSE any of the specified functions. The values of variables may be interrogated with the display command. The variables which may be set or unset, but not toggled, are listed here. In addition, any of the variables for the toggle command may be explicitly set or unset using the set and unset commands.

echo
This is the value (initially ^E) which, when in line by line mode, toggles between doing local echoing of entered characters (for normal processing), and suppressing echoing of entered characters (for entering, say, a password).
eof
If telnet is operating in LINEMODE or old line by line mode, entering this character as the first character on a line will cause this character to be sent to the remote system. The initial value of the eof character is taken to be the terminal's eof character.
erase
If telnet is in localchars mode (see toggle localchars below), and if telnet is operating in character at a time mode, then when this character is typed, a TELNET EC sequence (see send ec above) is sent to the remote system. The initial value for the erase character is taken to be the terminal's erase character.
escape
This is the telnet escape character (initially ^[) which causes entry into telnet command mode (when connected to a remote system).
flushoutput
If telnet is in localchars mode (see toggle localchars below) and the flushoutput character is typed, a TELNET AO sequence (see send ao above) is sent to the remote host. The initial value for the flush character is taken to be the terminal's flush character.
interrupt
If telnet is in localchars mode (see toggle localchars below) and the interrupt character is typed, a TELNET IP sequence (see send ip above) is sent to the remote host. The initial value for the interrupt character is taken to be the terminal's intr character.
kill
If telnet is in localchars mode (see toggle localchars below), and if telnet is operating in character at a time mode, then when this character is typed, a TELNET EL sequence (see send el above) is sent to the remote system. The initial value for the kill character is taken to be the terminal's kill character.
lnext
If telnet is operating in LINEMODE or old line by line mode, then this character is taken to be the terminal's lnext character. The initial value for the lnext character is taken to be the terminal's lnext character.
quit
If telnet is in localchars mode (see toggle localchars below) and the quit character is typed, a TELNET BRK sequence (see send brk above) is sent to the remote host. The initial value for the quit character is taken to be the terminal's quit character.
reprint
If telnet is operating in LINEMODE or old line by line mode, then this character is taken to be the terminal's reprint character. The initial value for the reprint character is taken to be the terminal's reprint character.
start
If the TELNET TOGGLE-FLOW-CONTROL option has been enabled, then this character is taken to be the terminal's start character. The initial value for the kill character is taken to be the terminal's start character.
stop
If the TELNET TOGGLE-FLOW-CONTROL option has been enabled, then this character is taken to be the terminal's stop character. The initial value for the kill character is taken to be the terminal's stop character.
susp
If telnet is in localchars mode, or LINEMODE is enabled, and the suspend character is typed, a TELNET SUSP sequence (see send susp above) is sent to the remote host. The initial value for the suspend character is taken to be the terminal's suspend character.
tracefile
Thi is the file to which the output, caused by netdata or option tracing being TRUE will be written. If it is set to ``- '' then tracing information will be written to standard output (the default).
worderase
If telnet is operating in LINEMODE or old line by line mode, then this character is taken to be the terminal's worderase character. The initial value for the worderase character is taken to be the terminal's worderase character.
?
Displays the legal set (unset ) commands.

slc state
The slc command (Set Local Characters) is used to set or change the state of the the special characters when the TELNET LINEMODE option has been enabled. Special characters are characters that get mapped to TELNET commands sequences (like ip or quit or line editing characters (like erase and kill ) By default, the local special characters are exported.

export
Switch to the local defaults for the special characters. The local default characters are those of the local terminal at the time when telnet was started.
import
Switch to the remote defaults for the special characters. The remote default characters are those of the remote system at the time when the TELNET connection was established.
check
Verify the current settings for the current special characters. The remote side is requested to send all the current special character settings, and if there are any discrepencies with the local side, the local side will switch to the remote value.
?
Prints out help information for the slc command.

environ arguments...
The environ command is used to manipulate the the variables that my be sent through the TELNET ENVIRON option. The initial set of variables is taken from the users environment, with only the DISPLAY and PRINTER variables being exported by default. The USER variable is also exported if the -a or -l options are used.
Valid arguments for the environ command are:

define variable value
Define the variable variable to have a value of value. Any variables defined by this command are automatically exported. The value may be enclosed in single or double quotes so that tabs and spaces may be included.
undefine variable
Remove variable from the list of environment variables.
export variable
Mark the variable variable to be exported to the remote side.
unexport variable
Mark the variable variable to not be exported unless explicitly asked for by the remote side.
list
List the current set of environment variables. Those marked with a * will be sent automatically, other variables will only be sent if explicitly requested.
?
Prints out help information for the environ command.

toggle arguments ...
Toggle (between TRUE and FALSE various flags that control how telnet responds to events. These flags may be set explicitly to TRUE or FALSE using the set and unset commands listed above. More than one argument may be specified. The state of these flags may be interrogated with the display command. Valid arguments are:

autoflush
If autoflush and localchars are both TRUE then when the ao or quit characters are recognized (and transformed into TELNET sequences; see set above for details), telnet refuses to display any data on the user's terminal until the remote system acknowledges (via a TELNET TIMING MARK option) that it has processed those TELNET sequences. The initial value for this toggle is TRUE if the terminal user had not done an "stty noflsh", otherwise FALSE (see stty(1)).
autosynch
If autosynch and localchars are both TRUE then when either the intr or quit characters is typed (see set above for descriptions of the intr and quit characters), the resulting TELNET sequence sent is followed by the TELNET SYNCH sequence. This procedure should cause the remote system to begin throwing away all previously typed input until both of the TELNET sequences have been read and acted upon. The initial value of this toggle is FALSE
binary
Enable or disable the TELNET BINARY option on both input and output.
inbinary
Enable or disable the TELNET BINARY option on input.
outbinary
Enable or disable the TELNET BINARY option on output.
crlf
If this is TRUE then carriage returns will be sent as <CR><LF> If this is FALSE then carriage returns will be send as <CR><NUL> The initial value for this toggle is FALSE
crmod
Toggle carriage return mode. When this mode is enabled, most carriage return characters received from the remote host will be mapped into a carriage return followed by a line feed. This mode does not affect those characters typed by the user, only those received from the remote host. This mode is not very useful unless the remote host only sends carriage return, but never line feed. The initial value for this toggle is FALSE
debug
Toggles socket level debugging (useful only to the super user ) The initial value for this toggle is FALSE
localchars
If this is TRUE then the flush interrupt quit erase and kill characters (see set above) are recognized locally, and transformed into (hopefully) appropriate TELNET control sequences (respectively ao ip brk ec and el see send above). The initial value for this toggle is TRUE in old line by line mode, and FALSE in character at a time mode. When the LINEMODE option is enabled, the value of localchars is ignored, and assumed to always be TRUE If LINEMODE has ever been enabled, then quit is sent as abort and eof and suspend are sent as eof and susp see send above).
netdata
Toggles the display of all network data (in hexadecimal format). The initial value for this toggle is FALSE
options
Toggles the display of some internal telnet protocol processing (having to do with TELNET options). The initial value for this toggle is FALSE
prettydump
When the netdata toggle is enabled, if prettydump is enabled the output from the netdata command will be formated in a more user readable format. Spaces are put between each character in the output, and the begining of any TELNET escape sequence is preceeded by a '*' to aid in locating them.
?
Displays the legal toggle commands.

z
Suspend telnet This command only works when the user is using the csh(1).
! [command ]
Execute a single command in a subshell on the local system. If command is ommitted, then an interactive subshell is invoked.
status
Show the current status of telnet This includes the peer one is connected to, as well as the current mode.
? [command ]
Get help. With no arguments, telnet prints a help summary. If a command is specified, telnet will print the help information for just that command.

 

ENVIRONMENT

Telnet uses at least the HOME SHELL DISPLAY and TERM environent variables. Other envirnoment variables may be propogated to the other side via the TELNET ENVIRON option.  

FILES

~/.telnetrc
user customized telnet startup values

 

HISTORY

The Telnet command appeared in BSD 4.2  

NOTES

On some remote systems, echo has to be turned off manually when in old line by line mode.

In old line by line mode or LINEMODE the terminal's eof character is only recognized (and sent to the remote system) when it is the first character on a line.


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
ENVIRONMENT
FILES
HISTORY
NOTES

This document was created by man2html, using the manual pages.
Time: 06:19:51 GMT, June 26, 1997