Linux 2.4 and the Neodeo Winfast USB disk

If you want to try this at home, you should have an understanding of partitioning and devices.

I bought a Leadtek WinFast USB device. Very handy, but not Linux friendly out of the box. Apparently it's slightly non-standard and needs to be explicity defined before it can be recognised by Linux 2.4.x (it works fine in 2.6.x). I had to add a definition to the unusual_devs.h in the 2.4.x USB storage driver - the full path to this file on my Redhat 7.2 system is

/usr/src/linux/drivers/usb/storage/unusual_devs.h
      

I added the following entry and built a custom kernel:

UNUSUAL_DEV( 0x0aec, 0x5010, 0x0100, 0x0100,
             "Neodio Technologies Corp.",
             "Neodio/Leadtek WinFast Disk",
              US_SC_SCSI, US_PR_BULK, NULL,
              US_FL_FIX_INQUIRY),
        

Once the kernel recognised the device, I found that it also needed to be partitioned and reformatted before Linux (2.4.19) could mount it. The device as-shipped lacks a partition table and WinXX treats it like a floppy. But Linux needs a partition table. I found that the sfdisk and and mkdosfs can be used to partition and reformat the device so that both operating systems are happy:

  1. Find out which scsi drive the device is on, query each device until something of the right size is listed. Be very careful if you have any scsi disks - you don't want to pick the wrong device, because the following steps erase its contents.
    sfdisk -l /dev/sda
    sfdisk -l /dev/sbd
    sfdisk -l /dev/sdc
    ...
              
    I was looking for something of around 128MB (1003*130560 is about right).
    [root@viking2 root]# sfdisk -l /dev/sda
    
    Disk /dev/sda: 1003 cylinders, 5 heads, 51 sectors/track
    Units = cylinders of 130560 bytes, blocks of 1024 bytes, counting from 0
              
  2. Partition the disk with one partition of type FAT16. I wanted one partition from the first cylinder 0 to the last 1003 of type 6 (FAT16):
    [root@viking2 root]# sfdisk /dev/sda
    /dev/sda1 :0 1003 6
    /dev/sda1          0+   1002    1003-   127882    6  FAT16
    /dev/sda2 :
    /dev/sda2          0       -       0         0    0  Empty
    /dev/sda3 :
    /dev/sda3          0       -       0         0    0  Empty
    /dev/sda4 :
    /dev/sda4          0       -       0         0    0  Empty
    New situation:
    Units = cylinders of 130560 bytes, blocks of 1024 bytes, counting from 0
    
       Device Boot Start     End   #cyls   #blocks   Id  System
    /dev/sda1          0+   1002    1003-   127882    6  FAT16
    /dev/sda2          0       -       0         0    0  Empty
    /dev/sda3          0       -       0         0    0  Empty
    /dev/sda4          0       -       0         0    0  Empty
    Warning: no primary partition is marked bootable (active)
    This does not matter for LILO, but the DOS MBR will not boot this disk.
    Do you want to write this to disk? [ynq] y
    Successfully wrote the new partition table
    
    Re-reading the partition table ...
    
    If you created or changed a DOS partition, /dev/foo7, say, then use dd(1)
    to zero the first 512 bytes:  dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/foo7 bs=512 count=1
    (See fdisk(8).)
    [root@viking2 root]#
              
  3. As detailed in the sfdisk man page, you then need to zero out the first 512 bytes of the DOS partition so that DOS format will believe the partition table over any header info that might normally be found at the start of the partition. Note the warning on the man page which basically says "if you choose the wrong disk you'll toast your data." In this example I want to zero /dev/sda1, the first partition of /dev/sda.
    [root@viking2 root]# dd  if=/dev/zero of=/dev/sda1 bs=512 count=1
              
  4. Format the partition with mkdosfs (again be careful to type the right device name):
    [root@viking2 root]# mkdosfs -F 16 /dev/sda1
              
  5. Test mount the device:
    [root@viking2 root]# mkdir -p /mnt/tmp1
    [root@viking2 root]# mount -t auto /dev/sda1 /mnt/tmp1
              

Once I had the usb-device working I had to write usb-mount to integrate it with the desktop.

Last modified: Thu Jun 10 08:31:43 NZST 2004